Is overweight dangerous?
In modern medicine fighting obesity holds one of the top positions. This is not surprising: accumulated subdermal and visceral fat makes the operation of every body system harder, promotes rapid aging and leads to fatal disease.
the insidiousness of overeating

When an animal is hungry, it seeks food, is satiated, and becomes indifferent to eating, in contrast to humans, the only creatures on Earth that experience not only hunger, but appetite. In the course of evolution the human brain has formed strong structural connections between satiety and pleasure centers. Therefore humans often begin or continue to eat merely because food gives them pleasant feelings. When a person says: "I eat out of appetite," this means "I eat for pleasure." Incidentally, "appetite" in Greek means "desire, urge." It is a passion somewhat comparable to fatal love. As Shakespeare says:
My love is as a fever, longing still
For that which longer nurseth the disease,
Feeding on that which doth preserve the ill,
The uncertain sickly appetite to please...
For I have sworn thee fair and thought thee bright,
Who art as black as hell, as dark as night.
The abundance and availability of food has made eating a religion for modern man. We don't just eat: we eat away our troubles, eat for company, gobble down tasty morsels because the dish looks pretty and smells good. For such an insidious pleasure "mechanism" we pay not only in a spreading waistline, but in the most precious thing we have: our health. There's a reason for saying that "the drinker and the overeater are engaged in the same thing-self-destruction."
a natural consequence

Excess weight should be considered the result of a long-term disturbance in energy balance, when the energy that enters the body with food exceeds its energy expenditure. People who are overweight significantly decrease their longevity. Some are of the opinion that obesity is the consequence of various diseases. In fact, in the overwhelming majority of cases, it's just the opposite: obesity itself is the cause of many diseases. It is notable that excess body weight is often accompanied by diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, sleep apnea, gout, reproductive dysfunction, and ischemic heart disease. Obesity, a consequence of overeating, promotes the development of serious illnesses and therefore itself falls into the category of a disease.
avoiding excess

In a medical clinic the help given to people who are overweight begins with a comprehensive examination of the patient: determination of metabolic and hormonal indicators, evaluation of endocrine and circulatory system function, neurologic status, and examination of the digestive tract and reproductive system. The latest methods of diagnosis and laboratory tests are used for this. Specialists may be called on for various measures: endocrinologists, cardiologists, neurologists, gynecologists, andrologists (men's doctors), gastroenterologists, immunologists, dietitians, psychotherapists, and physical therapists. Only after collecting information on the patient's state of health does the treating physician develop for that specific patient an individual program of therapy and weight correction. Whatever problems might be found, you would agree, need to be solved in parallel, since thyroid dysfunction, poor liver function, digestive tract disorders, etc, are closely connected with weight. For this reason individual programs developed by doctors for fighting obesity always include the following goals:
- monitoring and treatment of disturbances
- gradual reduction in body weight
- stabilization of body weight
- improvement in quality and length of life
To accomplish these tasks methods used include teaching patients habits of balanced nutrition, increasing their physical activity (with circulatory system function taken into account) and physical therapy procedures. If necessary, hormone therapy under the observation of an endocrinologist is applied.
final warning

In their desire to do away with excess weight as quickly as possible patients often use unscrupulous purveyors of weight loss methods, who offer them "magic" pills, teas, or capsules. In actuality real weight reduction is possible only under the care of a physician. It is not possible to quickly lose, without harmful effects on health, what has taken years to accumulate. Results are considered to be scientifically supported and approved when the patient loses approximately 10 pounds a month and the weight is not regained after treatment.
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